The traditional weaving types of southeastern Turkey, which has been the cradle of various civilizations for hundreds of years, are being revived in Mardin province. Within the historic madrassa that was changed into the Mardin Technical Institute within the metropolis, grasp trainers weave merchandise consistent with their unique patterns.
Turkey is famend for its weaving tradition practiced with totally different types and motifs all throughout the nation. While crafters weave spellbinding silk fabrics featuring historical motifs on special Ottoman looms in the northwestern city of Bursa, the woven merchandise of the southeastern provinces of Mardin, Şırnak and Siirt usually embrace carpets, rugs and blankets. Additionally, some Turkish artisans dye ropes with natural madder so that weavers can use quality materials in their products.
Devoted efforts have additionally been ongoing throughout Turkey to make sure the survival and prosperity of conventional weaving. For instance, the women of the Sivrihisar district in the northwestern province Eskişehir have been restoring antique rugs with modern weaving techniques. The Mardin Technical Institute is now setting its personal instance of those efforts.
The institute’s historic constructing was inbuilt two blocks as an Ottoman junior highschool on Might 11, 1892, on the ruins of the 700-year-old Muzafferiye Madrassa. Situated on the foot of Mardin Fortress, the constructing went on to function a secondary college, the Mardin Excessive College, a business highschool, a ladies’ institute, a ladies’ vocational highschool and a major college. The construction, which was restored by the governor’s workplace and has been offering training because the Mardin Technical Institute since 2010, now homes efforts to revive dying creative disciplines like weaving.
A workshop was created within the institute to protect the weaving tradition for future generations. A analysis staff first investigated the weaving tradition in southeastern Mardin, Siirt and Şırnak provinces after which grasp trainers began to weave merchandise equivalent to rugs, blankets, runners, couch covers, prayer rugs and saddlebags consistent with data offered by the analysis staff.
Mardin Technical Institute Director Metin Değer advised Anadolu Company (AA) that the construction, constructed through the period of Sultan Abdulhamid II (1876- 1909), was changed into an institute and opened by first girl Emine Erdoğan 11 years in the past.
Noting that analysis, promotion and academic research have been ongoing on the institute since then, Değer mentioned that they’ve been researching, designing, producing and selling all cultural values belonging to the areas of Mardin, Şırnak and Siirt.
Değer mentioned they’re producing on the premise of analysis carried out on the regional weaving tradition, including: “Particularly, we’re producing jirki rugs and şal şepik material belonging to Şırnak, and Siirt’s blankets, runners and prayer rugs made from angora wool by way of conventional strategies and on conventional looms. Now we have additionally began weaving merchandise belonging to Mardin on a floor loom referred to as a tevn. Now we have produced our first merchandise which can be unique and high-quality.”
Değer mentioned they produce items primarily based on strategies that date again so far as 500 years in the past. “It excites us to attach with historical past. We’re honored and proud to reconnect with our previous, our tradition and our custom and switch this tradition to the long run,” he acknowledged.
Değer emphasised that every product is made in accordance with its unique type, and they are often displayed in exhibitions and gala’s at dwelling and overseas, persevering with, “On the similar time, we save them within the archive e book and retailer a pattern of every as examples for the following technology.”
Gülhayat Acabey, a grasp coach who works on the kind of weaving attribute of Siirt, famous that the plain weaving in Siirt has a wealthy depth of motifs. Acabey mentioned Siirt merchandise normally function varied motifs, equivalent to cleat, hands-on-hips, fertility, cocklebur, hand and finger, comb and star. “We’re working towards the Siirt weaving, which was made from flocculent angora wool through the Seljuk interval,” she mentioned.
Canan Narcıoğlu, a grasp coach who practices the kind of weaving utilized in Şırnak, mentioned that they’re weaving merchandise which can be distinctive to the town, particularly the jirki rug, which is a crucial a part of the cultural heritage within the area. In accordance with Narcıoğlu, they weave about 50 regional motifs equivalent to wolf mouth, hook, scorpion, earring and hen, they usually use real wool yarn and madder in an try to maintain this tradition alive.
Birgül Kaya, who works with the tevn weaving type of Mardin, expressed that this handicraft, which was accomplished on looms in homes and produced utilizing primitive strategies, has not often been created by devoted ladies in latest many years.
Kaya acknowledged that some households have sustained any such weaving for day by day use and trousseaus, including: “It’s a type of weaving made on a floor loom. It is extremely outdated and extra like a weaving sort of the nomadic period. We try to adapt it to the current day and maintain it alive. Now we have been weaving like this in our area for hundreds of years.”