Amid quite a lot of stories concerning the authorities refusing to nominate six students to the Science Council of Japan based mostly on the physique’s nomination, the Mainichi Shimbun solutions some widespread questions readers could have concerning the group’s operate and what it does.
Query: So what does the Science Council of Japan do?
Reply: In its capability because the consultant physique of Japan’s teachers, the Science Council of Japan offers concrete coverage suggestions on quite a lot of points to the federal government. The council’s former President Juichi Yamagiwa, who can be former president of Kyoto College, provided a complete of 85 options to the federal government over a three-year interval till the tip of September.
From October the council has a brand new president, Takaaki Kajita, one of many recipients of the 2015 Nobel Prize in physics and distinguished college professor on the College of Tokyo. Lecturers specializing within the humanities are additionally members of the council, and it additionally offers many options on points regarding training.
Q: What does the federal government do with the recommendation it receives?
A: It does not essentially have to answer the suggestions. However in recent times, the council has devised means to get their recommendation thought of throughout coverage formulations, reminiscent of by writing clearly which ministries and businesses their options are geared toward. Except for enter from completely different subcommittees, among the many means the council has to convey opinions it wish to see realized are “requests” compiled and put forth by the physique as a complete, and it might probably additionally problem “advisories” as laid down within the Act on the Science Council of Japan. In cooperation with requests from the federal government, the council additionally releases stories and responses that embody a group of its views and different positions.
Q: What sort of advisories have there been to this point?
A: The latest was in 2010, when the council pushed for social sciences and the humanities to be included among the many fields eligible for promotion beneath the Primary Act on Science and Know-how. Its intention was achieved this yr, when the regulation was amended throughout an everyday Weight-reduction plan session. Prior to now, the federal government additionally took the science council’s suggestion into consideration when restarting Antarctic remark work that had been suspended.
Q: So their work includes offering opinions?
A: It additionally has an essential position in constructing a world community with different students and teachers. For that cause, the council is a member of over 40 worldwide science teams, and has contributed a complete of round 100 million yen (about $950,000) to them. The primary utilization of a Japanese space title on the Geologic timescale, Chibanian, is one instance of the way in which wherein the council has championed scientific causes and seen outcomes; the naming was achieved via the council’s membership within the Worldwide Union of Geological Sciences and private exchanges.
(Japanese unique by Tomohiro Ikeda, Science & Atmosphere Information Division)